I Corinthians 9: 19 Though I am free and belong to no one, I have made myself a slave to everyone, to win as many as possible. 20 To the Jews I became like a Jew, to win the Jews. To those under the law I became like one under the law (though I myself am not under the law), so as to win those under the law. 21 To those not having the law I became like one not having the law (though I am not free from God’s law but am under Christ’s law), so as to win those not having the law. 22 To the weak I became weak, to win the weak. I have become all things to all people so that by all possible means I might save some. 23 I do all this for the sake of the gospel, that I may share in its blessings.
(Readers; You may reach parts 1-3 of this review by going backwards, post by post, on this blog. Start by clicking on “previous post” at the bottom of this post and keep clicking back in that manner till you get to the first.)
So Bob Dylan studied with the Lubavitchers, attended his son’s bar mitzvah, visited the Wailing Wall in Jerusalem and has been seen on occasion in one synagogue or another on one Jewish Holy Day or another. Does all or any of that undercut the notion that Dylan believes the New Testament? Believes that Jesus is the Christ?
At first glance, we might be tempted to say that it does. The New Testament tells that adherence to the Jewish ritual law is no longer necessary. Salvation does not lie in the keeping of the law, but in the finished work of Jesus Christ. We don’t merit salvation. No man is justified by the keeping of the ritual law. Someone will argue that Dylan’s actions here all point to an opposite conviction and a return to Jewish practice and to the Jewish faith. He is participating in those very rituals that the New Testament rejects. How can he be Christian?
Well, let’s try to think of some other examples that we might compare Mr. Dylan’s conduct to. Who are some other Jews who met Jesus, and how did they handle their allegiances – familial and communal – when it came to the old rituals and practices?
Oh, here’s one! Saint Peter! What a convenient example! He, like all the rest of the Apostles, was a Jew and we can be as sure of his belief in Christ as we are of anything. The New Testament, which chronicles Peter’s discipleship at the feet of Jesus Christ is, far and away, the most reliable historical source out of the ancient world. If we would doubt the accuracy of the New Testament, we’d have to ignore every other source of ancient history. The evidence supporting the accounts in the Biblical Gospels is overwhelmingly stronger than that supporting any other ancient source. In other words, the evidence for Peter’s discipleship ( and the Resurrection of Jesus Christ, for that matter) is far, far stronger than the evidence that there ever was a Battle of Thermopylae.
So, yes, Peter was a Jew who met Jesus and became His disciple. He witnessed the resurrected Christ and ate fish with Him on a beach in Palestine. He believed. He, accordingly, was free from the requirements of the ritual law. His faith in Christ was so strong that he suffered martyrdom. Tradition – not the New Testament – tells us that he chose to be crucified upside down because he did not deserve the same death as his master Jesus Christ.
But the Bible tells us clearly that there was a time when old Peter himself continued to observe the old Jewish ritual laws. Here is how the Apostle Paul tells the story:
Galatians 2: 11 -13 (The Message)
Later, when Peter came to Antioch, I had a face-to-face confrontation with him because he was clearly out of line. Here’s the situation. Earlier, before certain persons had come from James, Peter regularly ate with the non-Jews. But when that conservative group came from Jerusalem, he cautiously pulled back and put as much distance as he could manage between himself and his non-Jewish friends. That’s how fearful he was of the conservative Jewish clique that’s been pushing the old system of circumcision. Unfortunately, the rest of the Jews in the Antioch church joined in that hypocrisy so that even Barnabas was swept along in the charade.
How about that? Why was it that Peter reverted to observance of Jewish ritual? To hear Paul tell it it was because of the pressure put on Peter by other Jews. We must accept this at face value if we credit the scriptures as authoritative, but what might Peter have said about this business?
Would he have said that he lost his mind and forgot the saving work of Christ and decided it was the best thing for him to go back to the same systems of rituals he kept before meeting Jesus? Did his pulling back here mean that he was not a Christian? Or might Peter have said something more along the lines of this “I’ve known these guys for a long time. I don’t see the rituals as a means of salvation, but the old rituals are cultural and communal ties among us old friends. I did what I did to avoid offending them.”
Again, I am not arguing against Paul’s stance here or his final analysis of the situation. I’m just saying that there are such things as communal and cultural ties and there is some value in keeping the peace with one’s neighbors to the extent that you can. Again, I’m not saying that Peter was right to do what he did. I’m just saying that, you know, this kind of thing is understandable. And maybe more understandable for Dylan than for Saint Peter.
Dylan’s son is Hebrew by birth. A bar mitzvah is a part of the culture that surrounds him. In fact, part of the culture that Dylan himself embraced or at least participated in until his conversion. How could Dylan refuse to take part in or at least acknowledge the significance of this ritual? Would Jesus have demanded that?
And let’s look at Paul himself. In the Book of Acts we see him “purifying himself” before entering the Temple in Jerusalem: “. . . and he went into the temple to give notice of the time when the days of purification would be completed – the time, that is to say, when the sacrifice could be offered for each one of [the men].” Acts 21: 25-26
I don’t for a minute pretend to know all that was going on here in this passage, but it seems a very safe bet to me that Paul submitted himself to Jewish rituals – you know, “the Law” that he jumped all over Peter for observing – for the very purpose of keeping the peace among believing Jews. The distinction, I guess, is that Paul did what he did among Jews and out of the hearing of the Gentiles. But the point for now is that observance of Jewish ritual by Jews is not an indication of unbelief! It is not inconsistent with faith in Christ.
Dylan’s observances, it seems to me, are more like those of Paul than those of Peter’s. That is, they are done within the Jewish community and culture alone, outside the hearing, as it were, of the Gentiles. Bob could be keeping the peace; assuring his blood tribe that he hasn’t forgotten himself or the heritage of his people. He has not removed himself from their culture and community.